Insights from the Long-Term Unemployed

Filed in DOL, Jobs, Unemployment by on August 19, 2013 5 Comments

Earlier this year, I wrote about the innovative work of community-based job clubs across the country that work specifically with mid- to senior-level baby boomer professionals who have been unemployed for six months, a year − sometimes even longer. These support groups provide networking opportunities, job search tips and fellowship to individuals, most of whom have never before been out of work for an extended period of time.

To better understand and address the needs of these job seekers, Eric Seleznow, the new acting assistant secretary of labor for employment and training, myself and other leaders from across the Labor Department recently sat down with about 20 long-term unemployed professionals who attend similar job clubs in the Washington metro area. Our aim was to learn more about their experiences, including how they meet their financial obligations, how their job searches progress and how they upgrade their skills. We also wanted their insights into what types of services and supports would help them the most in returning to work.

Discussion with unemployed workers

Policy Adviser Ben Seigel (speaking) facilitates a discussion with workers and leaders from four job clubs based in the Washington metro area.

The stories were both heartbreaking and hopeful. Some of the workers said they are struggling to support adult children and aging parents. Others who have been out of work for more than two years said they are dipping into their children’s college funds and 401k savings plans to make ends meet, as their Unemployment Insurance benefits expired long ago.

Many of the workers are still adapting to a new era of hiring dominated by the Internet, applicant tracking software and social networking sites. Some expressed hesitation at taking jobs with pay cuts of as much as 50 to 75 percent, for fear of never regaining their past earnings. They are anxious about – but open to – relocating or switching careers entirely.

At the same time, it was clear that these workers are finding ways to reinvent themselves professionally. One of them recently started a catering business. Another has collected several new certifications in her field. And most of them remained optimistic about a brighter future.

Our primary takeaway was that these workers generally are looking for three things. First, they want opportunities to meet face-to-face with executives and other decision-makers at companies in order to state their cases for the value they would bring to that employer. Second, they want better data on the job openings they are applying for as well as an accurate indication and timeline of employers’ plans to hire. Finally, they want to make sure if they pursue a new certification that it will result in a job offer.

The workers also shared fresh ideas for increasing awareness of the tools available through the Labor Department’s CareerOneStop employment portal, and for re-engaging workers whose Unemployment Insurance benefits have expired. In the coming months, we plan to incorporate their insights − along with other emerging research about out-of-work baby boomers − into our existing policies and programs for the long-term unemployed.

Ben Seigel is an adviser in the Labor Department’s Office of the Assistant Secretary for Policy and the deputy director of the department’s Center for Faith-based and Neighborhood Partnerships.


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Comments (5)

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  1. Donna Reed says:

    I am an employee of the local Workforce Office in Tarrant County, Texas. My job is to speak to businesses about their hiring opportunities. I also went through unemployment – I was terminated after having 2 major car accidents while ON short-term disability, and family leave . I’m smart, and obtained a lawyer, but it took 4 months, and by then I lost my house, car, and any financial resources I had, I obtained 4 mos back wages. I ended up working at the Workforce for 1/2 – yes, 1/2 of what I was making before, and terrible benefits. This is what I see over and over, individuals are loosing their jobs due to health issues, or downsized from companies and they cannot get back into the workforce at a wage that will support their lifestyle. The “reinvention” is a marginal process…

  2. Suzanne Freiberg says:

    It is so very reassuring to see that Ben is leading the way in shedding light on the unique issues facing mid- to senior-level baby boomer professionals who have been unemployed for six months, a year − sometimes even longer. This is a group of highly skilled & experienced, for the most part well educated, seasoned workers who have been overlooked and set aside….at a very young age.

    We, as job club & employment ministry leaders, need to continue to focus on the VALUE this group brings to the workplace; value that many millenials and Gen X’ers have yet to understand or even acquire. In addition, it’s important to help these professionals transition their thinking about what work will look like for them in the future – for many it is all about redefining their careers not in terms of “1 next job that will last a lifetime”, but instead “finding new ways to package their VALUE” to meet the needs of many employers for shorter periods of time.

  3. Christine L. Howden says:

    Can you identify any of the community-based job clubs within the Syracuse, NY and surrounding areas that work specifically with mid- to senior-level baby boomer professionals who have been unemployed for six months, a year

  4. rhonda Taylor says:

    I would like information regarding these “clubs” since I have a data base full of long term unemployed baby boomers otherwise known as 99ers who cant seem to locate these “clubs” in their area…Please publish the information for others who are in this situation to benefit from the clubs….
    Thank You

  5. pamela dougherty-hopper says:

    Who is addressing long term unemployment for mentally ill people with some higher education. I’m referring to those who have now been stabilized on medication.

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